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  • Common Core alignment to "Reading: Literature and Subject-related Content" is to 3 key phrases:
    "Particular Topic", "Grade Relevant Text and Subject Area" and "Context".
  • CCSS Alignment Strand Numbers for Specific Grades:
    Particular Topic= "CCSS.ELA-Literacy." precedes these numbers: 4.6. 5.6, 6.6, 7.6, 8.6, 9-10.6, 11-12.6
    Grade & Subject-Relevant Text/Area= "CCSS.ELA-Literacy." precedes these numbers:
    (Reading: Informational Text) RI.2.4, RI.3.4, RI.4.4. RI.5.4, RI.6.4, RI.7.4, RI.8.4, RI.9-10.4, RI.11-12.4
    (Reading: Literature) RL.2.4, RL.3.4, RL.4.4. RL.5.4, RL.6.4, RL.7.4, RL.8.4, RL.9-10.4, RL.11-12.4
    Context= "CCSS.ELA-Literacy." precedes these numbers: 2.4a, 3.4a, 4.4a, 5.4a, 6.4a, 7.4a, 8.4a, 9-10.4a, 11-12.4a

    To see vocabulary lists for all 155 books/novels/plays click:
    Link to vocabulary for 155 novel and play word lists and activities by Title
    Columbus Day: holiday Vocabulary Word List (235)
    A)Account, Active, Activity, Adventure, Alliance, Americana, Ancestors, Ancient, Anniversary, Anthem, Anticipation, Anxiety, Appreciation, Ardent, Area, Artifacts
    B)Banners, Beached, Becalm, Birth, Blessings, Bravery
    C)Caravel, Cargo, Cartographer, Celebrate, Celebration, Celestial, Charts, Citizen, Citizenship, Commemorate, Compass, Convoy, Country, Courage, Courageous, Crew, Crossing
    D)Dangers, Declaration, Decoration, Democracy, Devotion, Dignity, Discipline, Discover, Discovery, Disease, Doldrums, Drama, Drift, Duty
    E)Encounter, Endure, Energy, Enterprise, Exclusive, Exhaustion, Expectation, Expedition, Experience
    F)Failure, Famous, Far-off, Fatherland, Fatigue, Fierce, Flag, Fleet, Flotilla, Forecast, Forefather, Foresail, Freedom
    G)Galley, Germs, Glory, Governorship
    H)Habitual, Hardship, Hardtack, Haul, Head-winds, Heritage, Hides, Historic, Holiday, Horror, Hunger
    I)Ideal, Imagination, Importance, Inalienable, Incident, Independence, Infections, Instruments, Integral, Intense, Intercept
    J)Jealousy, Journal, Journey, Joyful
    K)Keel, Killing, Kin
    L)Land, Latitude, Launch, Lee, Liberation, Liberty, Log, Loyalty
    M)Maps, Maroon, Mast, Memorial, Memories, Mission, Mutiny
    N)Nation, National, Native, Nautical, Navigate, Navigation, Nugget
    O)Oars, Occasion, Official, Opportunity, Overwhelming
    P)Paddle, Parade, Participation, Patriot, Patriotism, Patronage, Perennial, Petition, Pinta, Pirogue, Plague, Plundering, Pomp, Popular, Portugal, Prairie, Pressure, Prevent, Prize, Provisions
    Q)Quadrant, Quarters, Query, Quest, Quick
    R)Recognition, Record, Reefs, Rejection, Rejoice, Repairs, Reputation, Resilience, Ritual, Rope, Rot
    S)Sacrifice, Santa Maria, Schooner, Scurvy, Sea route, Seafarer, Seaman, Seaworthy, Seize, Ship, Shipwreck, Solemn, Starving, Stern, Strait, Success, Suffering, Supplies, Survival, Survivor, Sustain, Symbol, Symbolism
    T)Tempest, Tenacity, Territory, Timber, Tradition, Travel, Trek, Triumphant
    U)Ultimate, Unbelievable, Unify, Union, Unite, Universal, Unusual, Urgency
    V)Valiant, Valor, Values, Vanquish, Vessel, Victory, Violence, Visible, Vision, Vital, Voyage
    W)Wares, Waylay, Wayward, Westward, Wharf, Wood, World
    X)
    Y)Yearning, Yeoman, Yonder, Yore
    Z)Zeal, Zealous
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      Columbus Day
      Pirates
    Columbus Day Lesson Plan
    Columbus Day word list Grade Levels: 3nd through 7th
    (could be used for higher grades)
    Columbus Day word list objectives: Teach students to appreciate history and problem solve; introduce use of the Internet, magazines, newspapers; use technology resources; include stories, poetry and written work
    Columbus Day Overview
    Christopher Columbus was a sea captain from Genoa, Italy. He tried to persuade King John II of Portugal to allow him to have or lead an expedition Westward. Advisers rejected the plan. Queen Isabella of Spain accepted a plan in 1492. Columbus sailed from Palos, Spain on August 3, 1492. San Salvador was the first land sighted by the Pinta. He also visited Hispanola.
    Columbus Day is associated with a song or little poem to remind citizens of the date. "In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue..."

    Columbus Day ACTIVITY: Each student can prepare for a trip/journey, just like Columbus. Hand out manila folders. Make them look like a suitcase. Provide magazines or newspapers, cut out pictures for essential/necessary/useful items for a sea voyage or long trip.
    Consult the Internet/newspapers/magazines to search for stories about Columbus and to find maps of his travels.
    What clothing would have been appropriate for four seasons and various weather conditions? What types of useful things should be included besides food and clothes? What type of person would want to make an adventure/ trip? Who would make a good crew person? Discuss choices.
    (Suggestion: Compile a master list with students choices)

    Columbus Day Discussion ideas: Ask students about the longest and best/worst trip they have taken. If a student hasn't traveled, have him/her imagine places to go.
    Have older students discuss why Indians probably did not like the early explorers who came and claimed lands in North American. Why did they have that opinion?
    Include ideas/examples/pictures to a white board. Have students examine what others found. Have them discuss the two lists they like best! Assign written work relating to Columbus, his adventures and exploration.

    Columbus Day Celebrates Western Civilization copied from the Ayn Rand Center Press Release

    Columbus Day, observed this year on October 13, will celebrate the 516th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's discovery of America.
    "Although in recent decades Columbus Day has fallen out of favor in many circles, it is vitally important that we continue to celebrate this holiday with pride," said Thomas Bowden, an analyst at the Ayn Rand Center for Individual Rights.
    "Columbus Day is, at root, a celebration of the worldwide spread of Western Civilization-- a value that s under attack by 'multiculturalists.'
    "Multiculturalism, which rejects the idea that some cultures are superior to others, makes it possible for American Indian activists to get away with castigating Columbus as a 'cultural imperialist,' calling for abolition of his holiday and replacing it with 'Indigenous Peoples Day.' This is outrageous. Contrary to the multiculturist position, it is possible to demonstrate objectively that one society is superior to another--by the standard of what benefits human life. By this standard. modern industrial society is incomparably superior to the barbaric, tribalistic Stone Age culture of the Indians who predated Columbus.
    "Those who attack Columbus Day are attacking the distinctive values of Western Civilization that America so proudly enhances--reason, science, individual rights, and capitalism. Americans need to understand that their lives and happiness are at stake in the struggle to uphold the core values of Western Civilization.
    "We need not evade nor excuse Columbus's flaws--his religious zealotry, his enslavement and oppression of native--to recognize that he made history by finding new territory for civilization that would soon show mankind how to overcome the age-old scourges of slavery, war, and forced religious conversion," Bowden said. "On Columbus Day, we must continue to celebrate that civilization, and declare our resolve to defend it against both its intellectual and political enemies."


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